New Brunswick will receive a percentage of international immigrants equal to its national population share.
International immigration is crucial to increasing New Brunswick’s population. Helping grow the local economy and develop communities, international immigration will enable skilled workers to meet the employment needs of current businesses while further boosting the local economy through the development of more small businesses. Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle as economic immigrants, permanent residents, or naturalized citizens. In this report, all numbers are compared to those of Nova Scotia because of the comparable size between the two provinces.
New Brunswick’s population is shrinking due to an aging population and poor retention of youth and immigrants. In 1976, New Brunswick’s population share peaked at 2.94%; however, it has since dropped by30%, reaching 2.06% in 2020.
The imbalance between the aging population and youth population in New Brunswick reflects a low population growth rate in the province. Possibly due to a shortage of employment opportunities, the province's youth population is leaving, resulting in a net loss in interprovincial migration. In addition, New Brunswick has a low fertility rate - that is, the number of children being born is relatively low. As of 2020, the death rate is almost equal to the birth rate, resulting in a natural population increase of zero.